Tutorial: How to make a perfect four-patch quilt block.

Piecing a perfect four-patch block is just one of those things a quilter should have under their belt, if you know what I mean. Luckily, it’s a quick and easy process (nevermind that it took me about a billion pictures to show how easy it is…). Once you get the hang of it, you can crank these babies out in no time flat, and you’ll want to, they’re in a TON of patterns. I apologize in advance for these colors. They’re pretty much clashing with everything else here…

Start with 4 squares of fabric, all the same size.

Take the squares on the left and flip them over so they are face down on top of the fabrics on the right. The “right sides” of the squares should be facing each other. In quilting terms, this is called “right sides together”. I know, we’re a creative bunch. Pin, if necessary. My squares are only 2½” square, so it’s not needed in my case, but if you’re working with squares bigger than about 3″, I suggest pins.

Using a 1/4″ seam allowance, sew both sets of two squares together using a straight stitch. To make things easier later, do NOT take a double stitch or backstitch on the first and last stitches.

They’ll look like this. Only with your fabrics, of course.

Put your sewn squares on your ironing board without opening them.

Press the seam allowance with a hot iron. I know this seems weird, but it’s called “setting” the seams. It makes the thread lay more flat so that when you open up the block and press it, it lays, well, more flat.

See? Looking flatter already.

Now, open up your pieces and lay them face down.

Decide which way you will press your seam allowance. Ideally, you will press in opposite directions, toward the darker fabric. So, see how the block on top is being pressed to the left, while the block on the bottom is being pressed to the right? This makes it really easy, later on, to make a perfectly aligned intersection. To make sure you don’t “lose” any fabric in the seam, gently pull both sides of the block away from the seam while using your fingers to press and hold the seam allowance the direction you will press it with the iron. Work slowly and carefully so you don’t skew or stretch your blocks.

Press with hot iron.

Now, place the right sides together again. You will notice that your seam allowances are facing different directions, directly opposite each other. You will also notice, that if you use your fingers to gently slide the blocks against each other, you can feel when the block “clicks” into place. This is usually called “butting” or “nesting” your seams, and is a great way to not only get precise intersections, but also to distribute bulk.

Pin. Usually, I will pin at the top, at each intersection, and at the bottom. If there is more than 3 inches or so between, I will pin there, too.

Using a 1/4″ seam allowance, sew. Be sure to remove your pins before they go under your presser foot.

Lay flat on your ironing board, and set the seam.

Open up the block, face down on your ironing board. Push the seam allowance in opposite directions on the top and bottom.

Since you didn’t take any backstitches before, pushing the seam allowances will loosen those middle stitches, allowing them to come out and open up, like this. Isn’t it cute? Besides being cute, it is also much flatter than pressing your seam allowance all to one side. (There ARE situations where that is a better option, though, so follow your pattern’s instructions.)

Press it. (And when I say press it, I mean pick up your iron, and place it on the block. Straight down. Don’t move it around. That will just stretch and warp your block.)

Now, flip it over, and give it one more press. Voila! A perfect four-patch block!

I knew you could do it.

Any questions? Tips or tricks? Share!


  1. 1
    susie says:

    Love it! It’s the little details that make all the difference!
    Thanks so much for this share. til next time, susie.

  2. 2
    Sue Veale says:

    Thanks. I do love this. Please send me more tips.

  3. 3
    Patti says:

    So glad an old dog can learn new tricks. This is so easy and looks do good. Thanks

  4. 4
    Kim says:

    Thank you so much! You can teach an (old) new dog new tricks too!

  5. 5
    Trish says:

    Thanks for the tips! Photos are very helpful.


  6. 6
    Gail A says:

    This is EXACTLY what I was looking for! Great tutorial, and one can never have enough photos!! Thank you for sharing.

  7. 7
    Janice says:

    I LOVE the simplified approach with step by step pictures. Great job. It really helps a beginner like me.

  8. 8
    Christopher says:

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  9. 9
    Cathy Stussi says:

    This seems like a lot of work. It is flatter but this is time consuming when making a very large quilt.

  10. 10
    Dot Clark says:

    Thank you. I supposedly know all of that, but you really made it easier for me to remember that! I had forgotten how important this method is until you emphasized for me in a clean, clear visual. :)

  11. 11
    Anna Maria Quagliero says:

    Thank you very much for this tutorial !!!!

  12. 12
    Beverly Pettit says:

    Great instructions! Love the pics to go with it!

  13. 13
    Clara Ball says:

    love the instructions easy and perfect to see how to do things

  14. 14
    Meg says:

    Thanks, this is brilliant; I have only made one patchwork quilt and it was such an epic that I was put off trying again but with this advice I think I’ll give it another go!
    Is it best to start with four squares and then add more if you want a bigger block or is it a different technique all together for bigger blocks?

  15. 15
  16. 16
    Holly says:

    Great tutorial and pictures!! I’m going to try this today. :)

  17. 17

    This is a great tutorial for beginners! Wonderful images!

  18. 18
    Janine says:

    Thank you so much. I’d never thought of putting them face down to press. Just found your page… I will be a follower!

  19. 19
    Deb says:

    I love your descriptions! You made me laugh! Love it!

  20. 20
    pauline says:


    thought I was so smart. But I am never to old to learm new tricks. Thank you for making this so easy.

  21. 21
    Tish Enright says:

    That was brilliant, thank you for such clear instructions. I am new to patchwork and this is my first successful “butting”. A very useful tutorial that I will use over and over again.

  22. 22
    Monica Curry says:

    Thanks for the tip. Great tutorial.

  23. 23
    Traci Przybylek says:

    Loved it!!!

  24. 24
    Nancy Lodema says:

    By not back stitching it makes the 4 patch so eay to go together. I could never get the little square to be square and now it will be easier. Thank you.

  25. 25
    Monica says:

    Qué buen tutorial, muchas gracias.

  26. 26
  27. 27
    Roberta says:

    This will come in handy when I make my first one. I am a beginner at sewing, but I want so bad to make a quilt. This helps a lot. Thank you!

  28. 28
    Johnnie Shackelford says:

    Thanks for sharing information. It makes such a difference when you know what to do. Thanks again. I am new to quilting and loving it.

  29. 29

    i love all the details you provided! I’m rather new at quilt making and want to start out doing it right. Thanks!

  30. 30
    Bev says:

    I love it! Even better is how you detail everything so even us slow people understand. Please send me all your “help”. Can’t wait for the next thing you teach me! Tnank you

  31. 31
    Gertrude says:

    Excellent tutorial. There are few bloggers who insert so many of the finer details – those things that take a project to the next level. I’ll have to check out your other work!

  32. 32
    Barbara Herring says:

    Thanks for this. As a newcomer to quilting this step by step tutorial is really helpful and just what I need.

  33. 33
    Jo says:

    Great hint,but you pressed to the dark side in the beginning,but in the end they were reversed so now I know to press to light side in the beginning.

    • 33.1
      Patrice in Alaska says:

      Jo: take another look. The first two seams are the ones that are horizontal in the final picture. They were pressed to the dark side. The final seam, the one that completes the four-patch, is the vertical seam in the final photos. And yes, that seam is split at the intersection and pressed to the two light sides.

  34. 34

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  35. 35
    Udak says:

    Hi there, this weekend is good for me, as this time i am reading this enormous educational post here at my

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